Outline a proposal for health education that can be used in a family-centered health promotion to address the issue for the target population. Ensure your proposal is based on evidence-based practice. (Diabetes Mellitus in African American population )OR-Notes
J E Beasley

OR-Notes are a series of introductory notes on topics that fall under the broad heading of the field of operations
research (OR). They were originally used by me in an introductory OR course I give at Imperial College. They are
now available for use by any students and teachers interested in OR subject to the following conditions.

A full list of the topics available in OR-Notes can be found here.

Master production schedule

Introduction

The master production schedule (also commonly referred to as the MPS) is effectively the plan that the company
has developed for production, staffing, inventory, etc.

It has as input a variety of data, e.g. forecast demand, production costs, inventory costs, etc and as output a
production plan detailing amounts to be produced, staffing levels, etc for each of a number of time periods.

This production plan:

operates at an aggregate level (that is it does not usually go into great detail about parts to be used, etc –
hence the name aggregate planning); and
is cost driven, that is it attempts to meet the specified requirements at minimum cost.

The idea of a master production schedule can best be illustrated by means of an example.

Example

In our example we have just a single product being produced.

Production takes place each period (week) either in the normal (regular) production shift or in overtime associated
with that shift. There is only one shift (i.e. not operating a two/three shift system – such as with “round-the-clock”
working).

Completed items can also be “bought-in” from a subcontractor (at a cost).

We are allowed to hire/fire workers (again at a cost). Backorders are also allowed (recall here that backorders are
customer orders that cannot be satisfied in the required period, but the customer allows the order to remain open to
be fulfilled in a later period). Lost sales are not allowed.

The diagram below illustrates the situation and the types of factor with which we are dealing graphically.

http://people.brunel.ac.uk/~mastjjb/jeb/jeb.html

http://people.brunel.ac.uk/~mastjjb/jeb/or/rights.html

http://people.brunel.ac.uk/~mastjjb/jeb/or/contents.html

The data for the example we consider is as below, where we have shown the initial data entry screen from the
package.

In the above screen we have chosen the “General LP Model”. This is the most general of the options allowed by
the package. LP stands for linear programming and is a generalised way of modelling decision problems. To ease
data entry we have not crossed the “Part Time Allowed” box – if we had then we would have had the option of
dealing with part time employees.

http://people.brunel.ac.uk/~mastjjb/jeb/or/software.html

http://people.brunel.ac.uk/~mastjjb/jeb/or/lp.html

We have also not crossed the “Lost Sales Allowed” box – if we had then we would have allowed lost sales. In
general a company may allow lost sales because the company finds that customers simply do not backorder – i.e. a
lost sa




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